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ACCORDING TO FOREIGN POLICY MAGAZINE, THERE ARE 32 OF THEM AMONG THE MOST INFLUENTIAL PEOPLE IN THE WORLD

P. V. GUSTERIN

Russian Institute for Strategic Studies

Foreign Policy magazine Keywords: Tol-500leaders of the Arab world

The American magazine Foreign Policy published a list of 500 names in its May-June issue, which included "people who control the commanding heights of world-leading industries - from politics to big finance,from media to energy, from military affairs to religion." 1

The list also includes 32 Arabs (see table) from 13 States (22 Arab States in total). They made up 6.4% of the full list, i.e. approximately every 16th is a representative of the Arab East. Their distribution by country allows us, in our opinion, to judge the leadership in the modern Arab world: Saudi Arabia - 10 names, Egypt-6, the Emirates-3, Algeria-2, Qatar-2, Palestine-2, Jordan-1, Iraq-1, Yemen-1, Kuwait-1, Lebanon - 1, Syria-1, Sudan-1. For comparison, there are 23 Russians on the list.

Indeed, as a result of the Arab Spring, which significantly weakened Egypt, Saudi Arabia has taken over its regional leadership. Nevertheless, Egypt continues to retain considerable potential.

Another three member States of the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Persian Gulf ( GCC) - the Emirates, Qatar and Kuwait-are represented by a total of 6 personalities.

Thus, a total of 16 names belong to the GCC countries, i.e. half of all the Arabs on the list. This makes it possible to speak of the GCC as the dominant political force in the Arab East, which is probably true.

The following representatives of the Arab world, who, in our opinion, deserve special attention, were not included in the list:

Rashid Ghanoushi is the leader of the Tunisian Ennahda party, who, like Yusuf al-Qaradawi, was named Scholar of the Year by the website in 2012. OnIslam.net;

Abdullah II-King of Jordan;

Mohammed VI-King of Morocco;

Nouri al-Maliki - Prime Minister of Iraq;

Khalifa bin Salman Aal Khalifa - Prime Minister of Bahrain (GCC member State);

Ismail Haniyeh - one of the leaders of Hamas;

Waddah Khanfar is the CEO of Qatar's Al Jazeera international satellite TV channel.

It is interesting to note that five of the Arab personalities included in the list are heads of State, and four are related to international terrorism. The remaining nominees either hold key government positions, including heads of intelligence agencies, or are influential theologians.

It is noteworthy that Palestine is referred to in the list as "West Bank", that is, "West Bank", which obviously expresses the attitude of the named magazine to the status of this territory, which in accordance with the resolution of the UN General Assembly on November 29, 2012 received the status of a UN observer State2.


1 http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/ 2013/04/29/the_500_most_powerful__people in theworld

2 http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/ UN-DOC/GEN/N12/479/76/PDF/N1247976.pdf ?OpenElement

page 55

Table

Arab representation in the Top 500*

Name

Position / Status

State

Mahmoud Abbas

President **

West Bank (Jordan river. - author's note)

Bashar al-Assad

President

Syria

Ibrahim bin Abd-al-Aziz Al-Asaf

Minister of Finance

Saudi Arabia

Omar Hassan Al-Bashir

President

Sudan

Abu Dua ***

Al-Qaeda leader in Iraq

Iraq

Nabil Al-Arabi

LAS Secretary General

Egypt

Mohammed bin Rashid Aal Maktoum

Minister of Defense

United Arab Emirates (OAU)

Murad Medelci

Minister of Foreign Affairs

Algeria

Khaled Mashaal

Hamas leader

West Bank (Jordan River)

Mohammed Morsi ****

President

Egypt

Fahad al-Mubarak

Managing Director of a Foreign Exchange and Financial Agency

Saudi Arabia

Abdullah bin Zayed Aal Nahyan

Minister of Foreign Affairs

OAE

Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan

Crown Prince of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi

OAE

Ali al-Naimi

Minister of Oil

Saudi Arabia

Hassan Nasrallah

General Secretary of the Hezbollah Party

Lebanon

Mohammed bin Nayef

Minister of Internal Affairs

Saudi Arabia

Yusuf al-Qaradawi

Sunni theologian

Egypt

Badr al-Saad

Director of the Kuwait Investment Authority

Kuwait

Abdullah bin Abd-al-Aziz Aal Saud

King

Saudi Arabia

Salman bin Abd-al-Aziz Aal Saud

The Crown Prince

Saudi Arabia

Saud bin Faisal bin Abd-al-Aziz Aal Saud

Minister of Foreign Affairs

Saudi Arabia

Mohammed Raafat Shehata

Director of the Intelligence Service

Egypt

Abd al-Aziz Al-Sheikh

Grand Mufti

Saudi Arabia

Faisal Al-Shubaki

Director of the Intelligence Service

Jordan

Bandar bin Sultan

Director of the Intelligence Service

Saudi Arabia

Al-Waleed bin Talal

Chairman of the Royal Holding Company

Saudi Arabia

Ahmed al-Tayyib

Grand Sheikh of Al-Azhar*****

Egypt

Hamad bin Jasim bin Jabr Aal Thani

Minister of Foreign Affairs

Qatar

Hamad bin Khalifa Aal Thani******

Emir

Qatar

Abu Musab Abd-al-Wadud

Emir of Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb *******

Algeria

Nasir Al-Vuheishi

Emir of Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula

Yemen

Ayman al-Zawahiri

Al-Qaeda leader

Egypt



* Names are listed in the order suggested by the electronic version of the publication.

** Head of the Palestinian National Authority, PNA (approx. author's note).

*** Real name-Ibrahim Awwad Ibrahim Ali Al-Badri.

**** Removed from power on July 3, 2013.

***** Al-Azhar is the largest Islamic university.

****** On June 25, this year, he officially announced his abdication and transfer of power to his son, Crown Prince Tamim bin Hamad.

******* The Maghreb is a historical and geographical region that includes Mauritania, Western Sahara, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya.


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P. V. GUSTERIN, ARABS IN THE "TOP 500" // Astana: Digital Library of Kazakhstan (BIBLIO.KZ). Updated: 23.01.2024. URL: https://biblio.kz/m/articles/view/-ARABS-IN-THE-TOP-500 (date of access: 05.03.2024).

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